Impersonal Pronouns (French)

French Impersonal Pronouns Les pronoms
unlike personal pronouns, these pronouns do not change according to grammatical person.
(some of them change to agree in gender and number with the noun that they replace)
Adverbials (y, en) replace à + noun or de + noun
Demonstratives (celui, celle, ceux, celles) refer to a previously mentioned noun
Indefinite Demonstratives (ce, ceci, cela, ça) have no specific antecedent
Indefinites (autre, certain, plusieurs…) introduce an unspecific quantity or description
Interrogatives (qui, que, lequel) ask who, what, or which one
Negatives (ne __ personne, ne __ rien…) negate the noun that they replace
Possessives (mien, tien, sien…) replace possessive adjective + noun
Relatives (qui, que, dont…) link clauses
Indefinite Relatives (ce qui, ce que, ce dont…) link clauses but are unspecific
Subjects (ce, il) introduce impersonal verbs or expressions

As Opposed to Personal Pronouns

Soi Indefinite Personal Pronoun

Specific Pronouns Les pronoms
Personal Pronouns

y and en
y to refer to a place to which one is going
en to refer to a place from which one is coming
A and en with means of transportation
en when talking about riding in enclosed conveyance
a to discuss means of transporation requiring standing or straddling
(a cheval, a ski, a bicyclette)

Relative Pronouns
qui and que

Personal Pronouns

Personal Subject Pronouns

Interrogative Pronouns

Demonstrative Pronouns

Stressed Pronouns

Imperative and Personal Pronouns

Direct Object Pronouns

Indirect Object Pronouns

Reflexive Pronouns

Negative Pronouns

On third-person singular pronoun

Pronouns and Questions

The position of en with personal pronouns
LES PRONOMS University of Houston

Elements of Grammar


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